Orderly Runoff Didn’t Work; Florida’s United P&C Now Insolvent, Headed for Liquidation

Just days after some 90,000 policies from troubled United Property & Casualty Insurance Co. were transferred to Slide Insurance as part of a wind-down of the carrier, it was announced that UPC is officially broke and will soon be liquidated.

“United was deemed insolvent Feb. 6, 2023, because if all of the assets of United, if made immediately available, (they) would be insufficient to discharge all of the liabilities of United,” reads an affidavit from the Florida Office of Insurance Regulation’s director of property and casualty financial oversight. It was part of a consent order placing the company into receivership, made public Friday.


It’s the 10th insolvency for a Florida property carrier in the last two years. It’s also one of the first major actions taken under newly appointed Florida Insurance Commissioner Michael Yaworsky, who took over after former Commissioner David Altmaier resigned in December.

The demise of St. Petersburg-based United, which was once one of the larger carriers in the state, with more than 180,000 policies in force, has played out over the last three years. The company, part of United Insurance Holdings, placed itself into an orderly runoff last August. In late January, the OIR signed an order granting Slide Insurance, headed by former Heritage P&C Insurance CEO Bruce Lucas, some 72,000 HO-3 and DP-3 polices from United. Slide also received the renewal rights on another 21,000 policies and gained an estimated $272 million in premium, but no outstanding claims.

A week later, on Feb. 9, United’s board of directors agreed to liquidate the company.


The Insurance Information Institute’s Mark Friedlander said Sunday that the Slide deal provided UPC policyholders with continuous coverage but did not reduce United’s obligations to pay hurricane claims.

As many as 20,000 claims will now have to be handled by the Florida Insurance Guaranty Association, which will likely require another surcharge that will be paid by Florida policyholders, said FIGA Executive Director Corey Neal.

“That’s a pretty good volume of claims,” he said.

The FIGA board meets Feb. 28 and will discuss the UPC liquidation.

This may not be the last of the Florida insolvencies in 2023.

“The market remains very unstable, even with the substantial reforms that were implemented following December’s special legislative session,” Friedlander said in an email. “Other failures are possible this year due to storm losses, reinsurance costs and litigation expenses.”

A statement Friday from United Insurance Holdings suggested that Hurricane Ian in September was the final blow for United P&C.

“UPC was heavily concentrated in the Southwest Florida region and received approximately 25,000 claims from Hurricane Ian with a gross estimated loss of over $1 billion,” reads a statement emailed by United’s public relations firm. “UPC’s outside actuaries determined that its losses would exceed the prior estimate of gross losses, which resulted in UPC exceeding its catastrophe reinsurance coverage.”

Slide’s purchase of the policies was part of an effort to protect policyholders, the company said.

“For more than two years, UPC has made every effort possible to return to profitability, remain a going concern, pay covered claims and handle claims with professionalism, while abiding by all regulations,” the statement added.

United Insurance Holdings contributed $75 million in 2022 to UPC to mitigate losses and help it remain solvent. It attempted to reduce liabilities by selling renewal rights “in an effort to protect policyholders from UPC’s continued deteriorating results.”

UPC officials could not be reached for further comment.

The OIR affidavit and consent order recounted milestones on the 24-year-old company’s road to insolvency:

The consent order was signed by United’s president and chief financial officer, Brad Martz.

Update: A previous version of this article contained an inadvertent reference to Universal Insurance Holdings. Universal is not associated with United insurance companies.