Best Affirms ACE Financial Strength Ratings; Downgrades Debt Ratings

June 11, 2003

A.M. Best Co. announced that it has affirmed the financial strength ratings of the operating subsidiaries of ACE Limited (Bermuda), but has concurrently downgraded the company’s debt securities and the securities guaranteed by ACE Limited. All of the ratings have been assigned stable outlooks.

“ACE’s senior debt rating was downgraded to ‘bbb’+ from ‘a’, subordinated notes were downgraded to ‘bbb’ from ‘a-‘ and trust preferred securities were downgraded to ‘bbb-‘ from ‘a-‘,” said Best. It also said it had assigned a ‘bbb'” rating to “ACE’s recently issued $575 million (including over-allotment feature) of cumulative redeemable preferred shares, which carries a coupon of 7.8%. The securities are not convertible or exchangeable into ACE common shares and have no stated maturity but may be redeemed after May 2008.”

Best said, “The financial strength ratings reflect ACE’s solid capitalization, diversified earnings and product line, strong competitive position and global name recognition. These strengths are derived from ACE’s focus on operating strategy, disciplined underwriting, conservative reserving methodology and an experienced management team.” The rating agency said it “believes that tightened terms and conditions coupled with continued significant rate increases will allow for the company’s overall earnings potential to manifest itself this year. Those earnings are expected to replenish the company’s capital base, which has been weakened by the 2002 asbestos reserve charge and the 2001 losses from the World Trade Center tragedy.” It also noted that the company’s management has been “proactive in raising $1.1 billion of equity in 2001 and $575 million of preferred stock in 2002 to maintain appropriate capital levels.”

Best also said it “believes that ACE’s overall risk profile–both operationally and financially–is higher than the industry, thus requiring excess capital to support that risk profile. The significant earnings projected for the remainder of 2003, absent higher than expected catastrophes, will work toward restoring the excess capital cushion.”

The rating agency also said it had taken into account “the $2.2 billion (gross)/$514 million (net) addition to asbestos reserves recorded in 2002, following ACE’s extensive internal and outside actuarial review of asbestos liabilities” Best said it had “met with management regarding the asbestos study and is comfortable with the adequacy of asbestos reserves. Absent asbestos reserves, ACE has a solid reserving history with minimal adverse development.”

It noted that “historically, ACE’s financial leverage has been towards the high end of A.M. Best’s range for the company’s debt ratings.” It indicated that the “debt rating downgrades reflect this leverage as well as ACE’s holding company cash flow requirements and the weakened, albeit adequate, surplus position of its operating subsidiaries.”

It also pointed out that “more than half of ACE’s equity is comprised of goodwill and deferred tax assets, which weaken its quality,” and that “quality of capital considerations also include ACE’s considerable credit exposure in ACE Financial Services, which is supported by just under 10% of ACE’s consolidated capital.”

Best concluded that “Holding company cash flow requirements–including shareholder dividends–amount to approximately $430 million representing a considerable percentage of projected earnings, which creates a conflict with maintaining capital levels supportive of ACE’s business and risk profile.” It did indicate, however, that it “expects ACE’s financial leverage and fixed charge cover to improve as projected earnings increase shareholders’ equity and holding company liquidity.”

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