Pandemic Fears Grow as China Steps Up Efforts to Control New Flu-Like Coronavirus

By Cate Cadell and | January 22, 2020

Deaths from China’s new flu-like virus rose to nine on Wednesday with more than 470 confirmed cases, heightening global fears of contagion from an infection suspected to have come from animals.

The previously unknown and contagious coronavirus strain emerged from the central city of Wuhan, with cases now detected as far away as the United States. Officials believe the origin to be a market where wildlife is traded illegally.

Contrasting with its secrecy over the 2002-03 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) that killed nearly 800 people, China has this time given regular updates to try and head off panic as millions travel at home and abroad for the Lunar New Year.

“The rise in the mobility of the public has objectively increased the risk of the epidemic spreading,” National Health Commission vice-minister Li Bin acknowledged.

The World Health Organization (WHO) began an emergency meeting to rule if the outbreak was a global health emergency.

Amid official exhortations to stay calm, many Chinese were canceling trips, buying face masks, avoiding public places like cinemas and shopping centers, and even turning to an online plague simulation game or watching disaster movie “The Flu” as a way to cope.

“The best way to conquer fear is to confront fear,” said one commentator on China’s Twitter-like Weibo.

The virus has spread from Wuhan around China to major population centers including Beijing, Shanghai, Macau and Hong Kong. Abroad, Thailand has confirmed four cases, while the United States, Taiwan, South Korea and Japan have each reported one.

President Donald Trump said the United States’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had a good containment plan. “We think it is going to be handled very well,” he said at Davos in Switzerland.

Respiratory Threat

Li said there was evidence the virus, which can cause pneumonia, was being spread via breathing. Symptoms include fever, coughing and difficulty breathing.

About 2,200 people in contact with infected people were in isolation.

There is no vaccine for the virus, which can be passed from person-to-person. Fifteen medics are among those infected in China.

“I believe the government for sure, but I still feel fearful. Because there’s no cure for the virus,” said Fu Ning, a 36-year-old woman in Beijing. “You have to rely on your immunity if you get an infection. It sounds very scary.”

Fears of a pandemic initially spooked markets, with aviation and luxury goods stocks hit and China’s yuan falling, but they were regaining their footing on Wednesday in approval of China’s containment response.

SARS caused an estimated global economic loss of $40 billion, according to one study.

Across China, companies from Foxconn to Huawei Technologies and HSBC Holdings were warning staff to avoid Wuhan and handing out masks. Terry Gou, the billionaire founder of Apple supplier Foxconn, said he was advising employees not to visit China.

WHO spokesman Tarik Jasarevic said new cases would appear as China stepped up monitoring. But Li said there was no evidence of “super-spreaders” capable of disseminating the virus more widely, as happened during the SARS outbreak. SARS was thought to have crossed to humans from civet cats sold for food.

Global Precautions

Airports round the world have stepped up screening of people from China, and some flights to the affected area have been canceled.

The Chinese-ruled gambling hub of Macau confirmed its first case of pneumonia linked to the coronavirus and tightened body-temperature screening measures in casinos and round the city.

A first case of the virus emerged in nearby Hong Kong on Wednesday, media reported. The patient arrived in Hong Kong via high-speed railway from the mainland and had been quarantined.

“The whole world is watching,” the city’s commerce secretary, Edward Yau, told Reuters at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos.

North Korea banned foreign tourists from Wednesday due to the virus, several foreign tour operators said, losing one of its main sources of foreign currency.

Some qualifying boxing matches for the 2020 Olympics set to take place in Wuhan in February had been canceled, Japan’s Kyodo news agency said.

China’s Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission, the top legal authority in the communist-ruled country, posted on Tuesday that anyone failing to report virus cases “will be forever nailed to the pillar of historical shame.”

And state broadcaster CCTV has been showing footage of doctors in quarantine gear in Wuhan.

But despite such openness, some experts were skeptical.

“We have reason to doubt whether surv (surveillance) is adequate as cases mount,” tweeted Lawrence Gostin, a public health expert at Georgetown University Law School in Washington.

Neil Ferguson, a professor and infectious disease specialist at Imperial College London, estimated the number of cases in Wuhan alone at about 4,000 and said the outbreak was likely to spread further and faster in the coming days.

“Novel viruses can spread much faster through the population than other viruses because we have no immunity to them,” he told reporters in London.

(Reporting by Cate Cadell, Lusha Zhang and Jiang Xihao in Beijing, David Stanway in Shanghai, Anne Marie Roantree in Hong Kong, Ben Blanchard in Taipei, Josh Smith in Seoul, Stephanie Nebehay in Geneva, Kate Kelland in London, Alexandra Alper in Davos, Shreyashi Sanyal in Bangalore Writing by Andrew Cawthorne; Editing by Janet Lawrence)

Photograph: A man wears a protective mask as he arrives to board a train at Beijing Railway station before the annual Spring Festival on Jan. 21, 2020. The number of cases of a deadly new coronavirus rose to nearly 300 in mainland China on Tuesday as health officials stepped up efforts to contain the spread of the pneumonia-like disease. The number of those who have died from the virus in China climbed to six on Tuesday and cases have been reported in other parts of Asia, including in Thailand, Japan, Taiwan and South Korea. Photo taken by Kevin Frayer/Getty Images.

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