On the final day of this legislative session, Florida lawmakers passed omnibus legislation that aims to bring more control over homeowners insurance costs, raises the state’s minimum capital requirements for insurers, cracks down on errant public adjusters, allows insurers to more speedily pass through costs of reinsurance to policyholders, and shields independent agents’ commissions from regulation by state regulators.
The bill, SB 2044, sponsored by Sen. Garrett Richter, R-Naples, also allows the Office of Insurance Regulation (OIR) to examine managing general agencies affiliated with insurers it regulates and puts a three-year limit on filing claims after a hurricane. It requires that insurance payments are actually used to repair homes damaged by a hurricane or sinkhole.
The bill must still be signed by Gov. Charlie Crist before it can become law. Crist has threatened to veto legislation raising premiums.
But Florida Insurance Commissioner Kevin McCarty welcomed the passage of the Richter bill. “I am grateful that the Legislature has addressed some of the cost drivers causing instability in our homeowners’ insurance market,” said McCarty. “Furthermore, the legislation strengthens our solvency tools to ensure that insurers are capable of paying claims.”
While some insurers had hoped for a stronger price deregulation bill, most backed this measure and its rules on public adjusters and claims paymentss, although they expressed some concerns over potential over-regulation of MGAs. Insurer CEOs pushed for its passage in the final days of the session.
Liz Reynolds, Southeast state affairs manager for the National Association of Mutual Insurance Companies (NAMIC), said her members had hoped for a stronger bill but were pleased something passed.
“Addressing cost drivers, such as public adjuster expenses, replacement cost claims, reinsurance premiums, and inappropriate mitigation discounts, should help companies that are struggling to maintain surplus and stay in business to make good on promises to policyholders,” she said.
Among the issues addressed in the 133-page bill:
- streamlines the exisitng process for insurers to pass through reinsurance costs but these costs cannot result in an overall premium increase of more than 10 percent a year. Insurers are also given more flexibility in the type of hurricane loss funding they can purchase.
- Gives insurers some leeway in payment of replacement costs claims to make sure repairs are actually being made. The insurer must pay the actual cash value of the insured loss less any deductible. It can pay the remaining amounts as repair work is performed. In cases of total loses, the insurer must still pay the replacement cost coverage without reservation or holdback.
- Expresses the intent that mitigation credits should not be unreasonable and should not result in a net loss for any insurer.
- Encourages and sets forth rules for medication to settle claims disputes.
- Sets forth rules on handling sinkhole claims and verification of mitigation credits.
- Prohibits state regulators from regulating commissions paid to independent agents in its regulation of insurer rates. “The office shall not, directly or indirectly, impede, abridge, or otherwise compromise an insurer’s right to acquire policyholders, advertise, or appoint agents, including the calculation, manner, or amount of such agent commissions, if any,” states the bill.
- Proposes stricter rules on a public claims adjusters, their advertising and what they can be paid.
- Requires that all hurricane-related claims be filed within three years, not five, as is now the case.
- Imposes a higher capital requirement of $15 million for a homeowner insurer, although for current insurers it is only $5 million until 2015 and $15 million after that date.
- Requires insurers, if requested by OIR, to submit information on any affiliated managing general agencies or other affiliated companies to which they have made payments. “The acts of the managing general agent are considered to be the acts of the insurer on whose behalf it is acting. A managing general agent may be examined as if it were the insurer,” states the bill. Current law exempted MGAs solely representing a single domestic insurer from scrutiny.
- Appeals an exemption medical malpractice premiums enjoyed from any catastrophic loss assessments on property/casualty insurers in the future.
- Allows insurers to submit plans to use financial contracts other than reinsurance for catastrophe loss funding.
- Allows an insurer, with OIR permission, to cancel policies with only 45 days notice if OIR determines this is in best interest of the public due to the insurer’s financial or reinsurance condition.
- Requires that annual report cards issued by the state’s consumer advocate be based on objective information and valid consumer complaints only.
- Instructs OIR to develop a plan for a new web site to aid insureds in shopping for residential property insurance.
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