The Oregon Supreme Court for a third time has allowed a $79.5 million punitive-damages judgment against Philip Morris, an award twice struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court, which suggested it was excessive.
The award was for the family of Jesse Williams, a former Portland janitor who started smoking during a 1950s Army hitch and died in 1997, six months after he was diagnosed with lung cancer. A jury in Portland made the award in 1999.
The Oregon Supreme Court said in the Jan. 31 ruling that Philip Morris and the tobacco industry worked during the 1950s on a “program of disinformation” to create doubt about the dangers of smoking. Williams “learned from watching television that smoking did not cause lung cancer,” but, once he came down with it, said the “cigarette people” had lied to him.
The ruling followed a decision by the U.S. Supreme Court last year to send the case back to Oregon.
The state Supreme Court was told to reconsider the award based on its decision about instructions for the trial jury that Philip Morris had proposed and the trial judge rejected.
The Oregon high court said there were other defects in the instructions, violating Oregon law, that justified the trial judge’s decision.
The Oregon court said that, for example, the instructions Philip Morris suggested would have forbidden the jury to consider the profits the tobacco company made through misconduct that was not illegal.
The Oregon Supreme court decision didn’t take issue with the U.S. Supreme Court on another point it raised — that Oregon courts couldn’t allow jurors to use punitive damages to punish a defendant for harm done to anybody who wasn’t part of the suit.
The instructions about punitive damages have been at the center of the legal battle over the suit brought by Williams’ widow, Mayola.
Philip Morris, which has its largest cigarette plant in Richmond, Va., will appeal the ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court, the tobacco maker said. Business groups have watched the case closely as a precedent setter for large jury awards in product liability suits.
The Oregon high court made its first decision in 2002, refusing to hear an appeal from Philip Morris.
Then the U.S. Supreme Court rejected the judgment of nearly $80 million, saying that punitive damages generally should be held to no more than nine times actual economic damages. It declined, however, to make that a firm rule.
In the Williams case, the family was awarded $521,000 in actual damages. The punitive damages are about 150 times greater.
Next, the Oregon Supreme Court upheld the punitive damages, citing “extraordinarily reprehensible” conduct on the part of Philip Morris officials.
Then came the U.S. Supreme Court’s second take on the case, last year, a narrower ruling that did not address the size of the award but only how juries could consider the conduct of defendants in determining punitive damages.
Should the Williams suit prevail, Oregon law requires that 60 percent of the punitive damage award go to a statewide fund to assist crime victims.
Edward Sweda Jr. of the Tobacco Products Liability Project at Northeastern University School of Law in Boston said it’s possible the U.S. Supreme Court won’t reconsider the size of the award.
The Oregon decision is at: www.publications.ojd.state.or.us/S051805.htm.
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