Reinsurers’ Casualty Appetites Varied, but Capacity Was ‘Ample’ During 1/1 Renewals

By | February 5, 2024

Reinsurers had varied appetites for casualty reinsurance during the January 2024 renewals; while capacity was sufficient, they still maintained underwriting discipline, according to reinsurance brokers’ renewal reports.

“Some reinsurers adopted a tougher stance ahead of the January 2024 casualty treaty renewals, against a backdrop of prior-year reserve deterioration and concern for adverse litigation trends. Others recognized the earnings potential of improving primary casualty pricing and higher interest rates,” Aon said in its market report, “Reinsurance Market Dynamics – January 2024.

“Reinsurers demonstrated a mixed appetite for growth amid concern around loss trends, broadly dependent upon their respective positions during the 2015-2019 years. Reinsurers with less exposure to those soft market years were poised for growth at 1/1,” Aon said, noting that buyers saw favorable outcomes despite these varied reinsurer risk appetites.

Similar viewpoints were provided by Marsh, Gallagher Re and Howden in their respective reports.

“While property renewals were the focus a year ago, casualty faced more scrutiny this year,” said Marsh in its renewal commentary, “January 1, 2024, Reinsurance Renewals Reflect a Motivated Market With Increasing Capital.” “While negotiations were nuanced and bespoke, capacity was ample once market clearing terms were met.”

Gallagher Re’s 1st View report, “What a Difference a Year Makes,” said: “Casualty, notably but not exclusively US casualty, was no longer the valuable currency that was used to support property catastrophe capacity this time last year.”

Howden’s January renewal report, “A new world,” said sufficient capacity and market discipline characterized casualty reinsurance renewals at Jan. 1, 2024. “Certain markets are growing their portfolios in what they perceive to be an attractive marketplace whilst others are reducing, reflecting their view that the market continues to require underlying rate increases,” the report noted.

Aon said casualty insurers achieved “a fair outcome” during the Jan. 1 renewals, “driven largely by sufficient reinsurance capacity despite reinsurer concerns around prior-year reserve development and adverse litigation trends. While the renewal cycle began with many reinsurers making strong statements regarding casualty market dynamics, the 1/1 renewals were ultimately completed in an orderly manner compared to prior years.”

Reinsurers were less confident in third-party liability lines, “despite very significant increases in primary market pricing and limit reductions since H2 2019,” said Gallagher Re.

In the weeks leading up to renewal negotiations, Howden said, certain reinsurers “talked up the need to push for wholesale action to address economic and social inflation” and the associated risks to reserve adequacy. However, renewal outcomes “ultimately reflected more discerning underwriting informed by loss experience, underlying rate change and prior-year development across individual portfolios,” Howden added. “Underlying prior-year loss development and social inflation trends have affected U.S. markets more than international carriers, which was reflected in reinsurance placements.”

Casualty reinsurers continue to differentiate between individual insurers rather than applying a broad approach, said Aon. “Reinsurers that attempted to broad brush the market did not succeed.”

Aon also noted that reinsurers were again focused on prior-year development, underlying rate changes and social and economic inflation.

D&O Decreases Continue

Howden said prices in the directors and officers market continued to drop and there are signs of softening in other casualty classes, but underlying rates for most long-tail lines are still at “historic highs.” Howden added that “investment portfolios are also now yielding significantly improved returns following rapid interest rate rises.”

Aon said “most liability reinsurance classes were stable at 1/1,” adding that capacity, program structures and terms remained largely unchanged.

“The one exception is directors and officers, where lower direct rates have led to reinsurers becoming more cautious and risk selective,” Aon continued, noting that its public D&O pricing index for Q3 2023 dropped 16.3% year-over-year, representing six consecutive quarters of pricing decreases.

Gallagher Re said underlying rates in the U.S. for public D&O decreased, “but there are indications that decreases are moderating.”

Topics Reinsurance Casualty

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