An independent investigation requested by Brazilian iron ore miner Vale SA into the causes of the Brumadinho tailings dam disaster that killed 270 people a year ago found the company knew about the problem but failed to deal with it.
An executive summary of the report published by Vale on Thursday [Feb. 20] said the company had had information dating as far back as 2003 that pointed to the fragility of the main B1 dam.
But steps taken to deal with the structural problem and heighten the dam’s security were limited and ineffective, the report said.
The Brumadinho dam burst in January 2019 in Minas Gerais state, unleashing an avalanche of muddy mining waste which killed an estimated 270 people, burying many of them alive.
The internal report serves as a damning condemnation of the firm, some of its employees and various auditors. While concerns were raised at various points in time about the dam’s safety, those concerns were repeatedly ignored or minimized over the course of 16 years.
In January, state prosecutors charged Fabio Schvartsman, the chief executive at the time of the burst, with homicide. A Brazilian state judge last week accepted the charges.
The investigating team concluded that the dam burst was due to structural instability caused by liquefaction, citing among other factors inadequate drainage of the reservoir and a dam that was not designed to contain liquefied material.
Among their recommendations, mostly referring to improved operating procedures, the investigators said the company should evaluate the potential risks at other similar dam structures.
Vale said in a securities filing that it has already addressed most of the issues mentioned in the recommendations with numerous steps to improve its internal controls.
The company said it will announce a timetable for implementing all the those actions within 30 days.
The report said that studies in 2016 had determined the dam was in “fragile” condition, and subsequent 2017 studies determined its state was “barely marginal.”
However, Vale‘s geo-technical division, “resisted when it came to accepting the results of the 2017 study,” the report said.
The report added that in July 2016, then-Director of Coal and Ferrous Metals Peter Poppinga ordered that tailings cease to be deposited at the B1 dam reservoir, “possibly as a result of security concerns relating to B1.”
Poppinga could not immediately be reached on Thursday evening.
The move by a judge in Brazil’s mining heartland of Minas Gerais follows charges filed by state prosecutors on Jan. 21 accusing the former CEO and other 15 people of homicide.
The report on Brumadinho was announced hours after Vale reported quarterly results that showed the company was still reeling from the disaster despite managing to limit the apparent effects of the dam burst on output.
In a securities filing, the company reported a $1.56 billion net loss in the fourth quarter.
Vale severely missed quarterly profit and margin estimates largely due to impairments related to its base metal and coal operations and the lingering effects of the dam burst.
(Reporting by Anthony Boadle in Brasilia and Gram Slattery in Rio de Janeiro; additional reporting by Marta Nogueira in Rio de Janeiro; editing Sandra Maler)
Photograph: In this Jan. 28, 2019 photo, firefighters are resupplied as they search for victims of the Vale dam collapse in Brumadinho, Brazil. The Jan. 25 breach of the dam, owned and operated by Vale SA, unleashed tens of thousands of pounds of reddish-brown mud over a wide area in Brumadinho. Photo credit: AP Photo/Leo Correa.
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