Most leading legal malpractice insurers saw their claims level off in 2016 although their cost to defend claims continued to escalate.
A study by insurance broker Ames & Gough finds that while the number of new malpractice claims brought against law firms is stabilizing it remains above historical experience in years preceding the 2007 – 2009 recession.
In its seventh annual survey, Ames & Gough examined the trend by polling nine leading lawyers’ professional liability insurance carriers that on a combined basis provide insurance to approximately 80 percent of the top 100 firms. Among the findings:
- Claim severity high. In 2016, all nine insurers surveyed had claims with reserves over $500,000. For the third consecutive year, six of the insurers reported having 21 or more such claims. And in the past two years, the same number participated in paying a claim of $50 million or more, including one with a claim exceeding $100 million.
- Conflicts trigger most claims. In every year the survey has been conducted, insurers have cited conflicts of interest (including perceived conflicts) as the most common alleged legal malpractice error. This year was no exception; eight of the nine insurers surveyed cited conflicts as the first or second biggest leading cause of legal malpractice claims.
- Costs to defend claims rising. This year, the nine insurers surveyed unanimously experienced an increase in the cost to defend legal malpractice claims. Eight insurers indicated the average costs to defend a typical malpractice claim exceed $50,000; three saw costs between $100,000 and $500,000, and two indicated average costs are more than $500,000. Claim complexity and e-discovery are two clear drivers of this trend.
“As the legal landscape changes through mergers, acquisitions and lateral hiring, firms run the risk of increased conflicts,” said Eileen Garczynski, senior vice president and partner, Ames & Gough. “Too often, conflicts are an afterthought when attorneys move from firm to firm; and even when conflicts surface they are often ignored or overlooked. And that’s when they become costly.”
Notably, nearly half the insurers polled cited an uptick in claims from lateral hires. Half of these firms traced the claims to law firms not adequately resolving a conflict of interest. One insurer pointed to a lateral hire or “merged” attorney not being trained or supervised properly, and another to the attorney continuing to work for a client of their prior firm that was not a client at their new firm.
“It pays to be smart about the hiring process altogether and extra cautious in deciding whether to bring in an attorney whose conflicts might result in disqualification of the firm,” Garczynski said. “Consider only hiring laterals known to one or more of the firm’s partners and check for conflicts early on by insisting that laterals fully disclose potential issues.”
Cyber events trigger more malpractice claims. Five of the nine insurers polled saw more cyber-related legal malpractice claims this year than in prior years. Of those, four indicated most of the claims involved hackers.
“With cyber threats widespread, many law firms are actively sharing best practices for cyber security and evaluating cyber/network security insurance,” said Garczynski. “Besides providing key coverages not included in the typical lawyers’ professional liability Insurance policy, cyber-liability insurance policies tailored to law firms can be structured to protect the firm’s professional liability policy limits.”
Among individual practice areas, insurers participating in the survey cited business transactions as the source of most legal malpractice claims for the second consecutive year, followed by corporate & securities, and trusts and estates.
Along with the large volume of company mergers and acquisitions, the causes of business transactions claims tend to center around improper preparation, filing and/or transmittal of documents; failure to provide appropriate legal advice; and conflicts.
Meanwhile, the large number of claims stemming from corporate and securities work and trusts and estates is also consistent with findings from previous years.
Along with the increased cost to defend legal malpractice claims, the hourly rates insurers pay defense counsel also rose again. Six of the nine insurers saw these rates rise by up to 2 percent. Four saw rates increase between 2 – 5 percent, and one insurer saw rates increase by more than 5 percent.
While rates vary by location and due to other factors, the typical average rate insurers pay defense counsel continues to increase. Five of the nine insurers polled pay hourly rates between $200 – $300. Two others pay between $300 – $500, and two pay, on average, more than $550 per hour.
The insurers participating in the Ames & Gough survey were: AXIS, BRIT, CNA, Catlin, Huntersure, Ironshore, Markel, Swiss Re Corporate Solutions and QBE.
Editor’s Note: For a copy of the survey: email@example.com. State “LPL Claims Survey 2017” in the subject line.
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