Philippines Hunts for Crew of Ship Sunk by Typhoon Nock-Ten; AIR Comments

By | December 28, 2016

The Philippine coast guard pressed its search Tuesday for 18 crewmen from a cargo ship that sank at the height of Typhoon Nock-Ten, which struck the country on Christmas Day.

Coast guard spokesman Armand Balilo said 14 other crewmen have been rescued and one died after the M/V Starlite Atlantic sank off Mabini town in Batangas province, where the powerful typhoon passed Monday on its way out of the country into the South China Sea.

President Rodrigo Duterte flew to typhoon-hit provinces and warned in a speech in Camarines Sur that he’ll throw out of a helicopter anybody who would steal the financial aid he brought for storm survivors. “I’ve done that, why won’t I do it again?” Duterte said in a threat that won applause from typhoon survivors.

The Starlite Atlantic sought cover in an anchorage area as the typhoon passed and its crew decided to move to safer waters but encountered huge waves and fierce winds, causing their ship to sink, Balilo said, adding that another passenger and cargo ship ran aground in Mabini, south of Manila.

At least seven people died from the typhoon, including the sunken ship’s crewman and villagers who drowned from flooding or were pinned by fallen trees or a collapsed wall in Albay and Quezon provinces.

Duterte flew to the hard-hit town of Virac on the eastern island province of Catanduanes, where the typhoon made landfall on Sunday night, to witness the distribution of food packs to residents. Ahead of the president’s visit, Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana and top military officials flew to Virac and were stunned by the extent of devastation.

“Their common perception is that Virac is completely devastated,” military spokesman Brig. Gen. Restituto Padilla said of the coastal town of more than 70,000 people. The province’s coconut plantations, the primary industry, were destroyed and may take five to 10 years to recover, he said.

In Camarines Sur, Duterte warned that whoever touches the financial aid for the typhoon-battered province, “I will fetch you in a helicopter and on the way to Manila, I’ll throw you out.”

He said without elaborating that “I’ve done that,” suggesting they were kidnappers who killed or raped captives even after being paid ransoms. “I’ll throw you at a low altitude, not that high, because in the length of the fall you may be able to develop wings, just at the right (altitude) so the impact of your crash won’t be heard.”

The president’s past extreme comments against suspected drug pushers and corrupt officials have left many wondering if he was exaggerating, and administration officials have said he often uses hyperbole as a scare tactic.

Still, U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein last week called on Philippine authorities to investigate Duterte for murder after he claimed to have personally killed people in the past.

Nock-Ten, locally known as Nina, forced more than 420,000 villagers to abandon their Christmas celebrations for emergency shelters and other safer grounds. Power was knocked out in several provinces and flights and ferries were grounded, stranding would-be passengers.

About 20 typhoons and storms lash the Philippines each year. In the past 65 years, seven typhoons have hit on Christmas Day, the Southeast Asian nation’s biggest holiday.

The storm was one of the strongest to hit the Philippines since Typhoon Haiyan left more than 7,300 people dead or missing and displaced over 5 million in 2014.

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[Editor’s Note: According to catastrophe modeling firm AIR Worldwide, Super Typhoon Nock-Ten made landfall at Catanduanes, one of the easternmost islands in the northern Philippines, which was the hardest hit by the Category 5-equivalent storm.

Given that insurance penetration is typically no more than 10 percent to 20 percent, insured losses are not expected to be significant as a result of this event, said Boston-based AIR, which noted that typhoon-related wind and flood damage are usually covered together in the Philippines.

Landslides and flash floods could cause significant water and structural damage. Flood is much more damaging to the lower floors of multi-story buildings, making the commercial establishments on the first floor of many apartment buildings in the Philippines vulnerable to flood conditions, AIR added.

Discussing the progress of the storm, AIR said that Nock-Ten underwent a period of rapid intensification, due to low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures, from Dec. 23–24, before reaching super typhoon strength and making landfall in Catanduanes with maximum sustained winds of 215 kilometers per hour (133.6 miles per hour).

Albay, Camarines Sur, Quezon, Marinduque, Oriental Mindoro, Occidental Mindoro, and Batangas Provinces were also directly affected as Nock-Ten made its way through the Philippines, steadily weakening as it interacted with land.

Although not in the path of Nock-Ten, Manila began to experience heavy rains from the system on Dec. 26.

Nock-Ten subsequently moved southwestward over the South China Sea where it was expected to dissipate.

Unusual Cyclone

Nock-ten was the strongest tropical cyclone to occur anywhere on Christmas Day since 1960, and the most intense typhoon ever to make landfall in the Philippines or anywhere else in the Pacific basin so late in the season, said Boston-based AIR Worldwide.

Historically, the Philippines have experienced typhoon activity in every month, with peaks in July and November. Tropical Storm Tokage in November of this year was the last tropical cyclone to hit the Philippines, AIR continued. The last typhoon to make landfall there was destructive Super Typhoon Haima in October, which arrived only three days after Typhoon Sarika.

Because most tropical cyclones hit the Philippines along the relatively unpopulated eastern coast, wind risk is relatively low from a countrywide perspective, AIR said, noting however that strong steering currents tend to slow storm movement through the region, making heavy precipitation common and elevating flood risk.

According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, 11,476 passengers, more than 1,000 cargo ships, and multiple other vessels have been stranded in various ports in the region, while one cargo ship, the M/V Starlite Atlantic (see above article), sank off the coast of Batangas Province.

The military has reported that the coconut plantations in Virac in eastern Catanduanes, the primary industry there, has been completely devastated and could take five to 10 years to recover, AIR confirmed.]

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